Jonathan Ritter, PharmD, PhD (Pharmacology), Anticholinergics: What They Do, How They Work & Potential Uses, 8 Jackfruit Health Benefits + Nutrition & Side Effects, What Does Myostatin Inhibition Do? They are about 8 in. Yams are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical regions, especially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. In one remarkable case study, a traditional tonic including Chinese yam, rehmannia, epimedium, and other herbs, may have restored fertility in a woman with ovarian failure. It is applied externally to ulcers, boils and abscesses. However, according to the American Cancer Society, the claims are false and there is no evidence to support these substances being either safe or effective. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. This…, Steel cut oats are a less popular form of oats that takes a while to cook, but they have several health benefits and a unique flavor and texture. Taxonomic Serial No. Chinese yam is a climbing vine native to China that is currently widespread throughout East Asia. Dioscorea polystachya aka Yam Berry aka Chinese Yam aka Mountain Potato . Cinnamon vine is another commonly used name for Dioscorea polystachya. There exist several hundred cultivars of Dioscorea; however, only a few of them worth of commercial importance. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Dioscorea polystachya can form dense masses of vines that cover and kill native vegetation, including trees, within a variety of moist, disturbed habitats. Mucilage from a variety of plant sources promotes wound healing and soothes rashes and burns. Dioscorea opposite (Nagaimo, Chinese yam, Japenese yam) is known as Dioscorea polystachya and Dioscorea oppositifolia. The leaves are alternate proximally but can become opposite as they advance up the vine. SelfHacked has the strictest sourcing guidelines in the health industry and we almost exclusively link to medically peer-reviewed studies, usually on PubMed. 2020. Substance Class: Structurally Diverse Created. SelfDecode’s personalized DNA reports can tell you which vitamins and mineral deficiencies you’re susceptible to, and which foods to consume to prevent these deficiencies. Dioscorea polystachya. 1. Yams nutrition facts. 50 mg per day of a commercial diosgenin-rich yam extract, the equivalent of 8 mg of pure diosgenin, appears to improve cognitive function in healthy adults [27]. Chinese yam contains other active compounds like allantoin, an antioxidant that promotes wound healing, and several antioxidant flavonoids and phenolics [12, 26]. Start your journey to optimal health with SelfDecode today. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae ). In traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese yam is often combined with other herbs including astragalus, schisandra, rehmannia, and others [2, 47]. These crops are a leading source of calories for millions of people in many developing countries be-cause their tubers are rich in carbohydrates, proteins and vitamins [3,4]. Large doses of Chinese yam can cause: People with a protein S-deficiency should also avoid Chinese yam because its estrogen-like properties may increase the risk of blood clots. My first impression of this plant was, “what is this flying mini potato?That made it somewhat easy to identify as an air potato, … It native to East Asia and was introduced to the Americas and Europe as an ornamental crop and food crop in the 19th century. (Kimet., 2003a). People who wish to reduce estrogenic effects in their bodies may want to avoid Chinese yam [16, 5]. Some of the polysaccharides from Chinese yam reduce blood sugar, while others are strong antioxidants. Jasmine loves helping people understand their brains and bodies, a passion that grew out of her dual background in biology and education. People in China eat the roots as a mild tonic food, along with other yams. Established populations of Chinese yam have not been found in Canada. Dioscorea Polystachya: Yam C. Just like Rambo movies, there is Yam A, Yam B and, yes, a Yam C, the Chinese Wild Yam or the Cinnamon Vine yam, either way we get Yam C, botanical name, Dioscorea polystachya aka D. oppositifolia (Dye-os-KOH-ree-uh or in Greek thee-oh-skor-REE-uh) [op-os-i-ti-FOH- lee-uh]. This article reviews whether kalonji may aid weight loss, as well as…, Shepherd’s purse is a traditional herbal remedy that’s often used to reduce bleeding. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. DOI is an estrogen-stimulating protein recently discovered in Chinese yam. Most members of the yam family produce diosgenin, including the Chinese yam [16]. De bulbils kan men ook gebruiken om de plant te vermeerderen, plant ze in het voorjaar gewoon in de aarde en er zal een nieuwe plant groeien. Dioscorea polystachya (Dioscorea batatas – Decne.) It is also called the Winged Yam because its stem is very square. By Mangy White Bushman. They are continually monitored by our internal peer-review process and if we see anyone making material science errors, we don't let them write for us again. These compounds (including diosgenin, DOI, adenosine, and arbutin) are currently under investigation for their potential against [18, 29, 30, 5]: Chinese yam may increase progesterone and estrogen levels, according to studies in menopausal rats. Dioscorea oppositifolia only grows in India, where I presume it is eaten. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This topic will deal with a plant n… Dioscorea polystachya is a short-day crop and likes a warm environment. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. In mice, diosgenin and mucilage from Chinese yam increased the activity of the immune system and improved the animals’ ability to fight infections that they had encountered before, such as the inactive viruses in vaccines [36, 37, 35]. What Food Does Your Body Need To Stay Healthy? Landscape Alternatives lists native horticultural substitutes Dioscorea villosa Dioscorea species has been cultivated as a major medicinal crop which grown widely as a food plant in China, Japan, and Korea. This…, Recently, kalonji has gained popularity for its purported weight loss benefits. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Some of the species are medicinally ... polystachya, D. rotundata and D. villosa. Imp. Central, North, South High Invasion Risk. It also grows in North America, but it isn’t related to the sweet potatoes called yams that are popular there. By Mangy White Bushman. Note: it’s important not to confuse Chinese yam with wild yam. The information on this website has not been evaluated by the Food & Drug Administration or any other medical body. Dioscorea polystachya (cinnamon vine, Chinese yam): This white fleshed edible tuber of good flavor has a hardiness rating of Zones 5 to 10, and will remain alive in the ground overwinter, sending up handsome tall twining shoots in the spring. It now ranges from Vermont south to … One yam, many names: the Chinese yam is widespread through East and Southeast Asia, and so has acquired a host of titles, including: cinnamon vine, nagaimo, huáishān, shānyào, huáishānyào, sanyak, củ mài, khoai mài, and more [42, 43, 44, 45, 46]. It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. The common name for the genus, yams, will be used when discussing information applicable to 2 or more of the above species. This article is about Yam A, Dioscorea Alata — A for Alata uh-LAY-tuh. When processed in a lab, diosgenin can be used to manufacture progesterone, although in its original form, Chinese yam doesn’t contain progesterone or other human hormones. The tubers are edible and usually cooked. It is being researched as a safer, natural alternative to hormone replacement therapy in menopausal women. Chinese Yam, Cinnamon Vine, Dioscorea oppositifolia L. Threat Level Category; Established: Vine: Similar Species May be confused with the following native and/or non-native species. It’s flavourful and nutritious with taste between a sweet potato and a regular potato. Although both synthetic and bioidentical hormones are therapeutic options that aim to compensate for the drop in sex hormones, neither is ideal [28]. General information about Dioscorea polystachya (DIUBA) Name Language; Chinese yam: English: cinnamon vine: English: yam vine: English: Batate Chinese yam contains multiple compounds that can mimic female sex hormones. Dioscorea oppositifolia only grows in India, where I presume it is eaten. Weed Seed - Chinese Yam (Dioscorea polystachya) Chinese yam is native to eastern Asia, where it is cultivated for its edible roots or tubers and used in traditional Chinese medicine. Required fields are marked *. Chinese yam is rich in mucilage; if ground or grated and spread on the skin, it may help heal cuts, scrapes, and other conditions [38, 39, 40, 41]. It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. It is used internally in the treatment of tiredness, weight loss, poor appetite, poor digestion, chronic diarrhoea, asthma, dry coughs, frequent or uncontrollable urination, diabetes and emotional instability. What Is Osha Root, and Does It Have Benefits? Yes, like that kind of ant. A. In rodents, it increases the response to the pituitary’s FSH, which along with LH orchestrates the activity of female sex hormones in the body [28, 5]. Selfhacked LLC does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Foliage. In addition to these uses, promoters of the herb claim it can be used as a remedy for many conditions, including: This study on the gastrointestinal function in rats shows that Chinese yam extract not only aids in digestion but can help turn some intestinal flora in the stomach into helpful bacteria. Suncore Foods – Organic Purple Sweet Potato Supercolor Powder, 5oz – Natural Purple Sweet Potato Food Coloring Powder, Plant Based, Vegan, Gluten Free, Non-GMO 99264. The … Below is a summary of the existing animal and cell-based research, which should guide further investigational efforts. #inpursuitofinvasives . Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya or Dioscorea batatas) is an ornamental vine that is native to Asia. As an herbal treatment, Chinese yam is mainly used to target the stomach and spleen, but also thought to help the lungs and kidneys. Storage protein of tuber. When they are picked fresh, Chinese yams are between 13.5% and 34% starch; the broad range may be due to differences in water content. Chinese yam and other wild yam extracts are often promoted to women as a natural alternative to postmenopausal hormone therapy. Chinese yam is used in Chinese herbal medicine, traditionally to treat disorders related to the stomach, spleen, lungs, and kidneys. Dioscorea polystachya is native to China and wasoriginally introduced into North America as an ornamental vine, as food, and for medicinal purposes. Note that each number in parentheses [1, 2, 3, etc.] Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. Kingdom Plantae > Division Tracheophyta > Class Magnoliopsida > Order Liliales > Family Dioscoreaceae > Genus Dioscorea … Kalonji: Weight Loss, Benefits, and Side Effects, Shepherd's Purse: Benefits, Dosage, Side Effects, and More. Dioscorea polystachya Turez. It’s botanical name is Dioscorea polystachya (mistakenly called D. Creams and dietary supplements made from the related Dioscorea villosa are claimed to contain human hormones and promoted as a medicine for a variety of purposes, including cancer prevention and the treatment of Crohn's disease and whooping cough. No clinical evidence supports the use of Chinese yam for any of the conditions listed in this section. The study concludes that Chinese yam contains trace amounts of zinc, manganese, iron, copper, and selenium, and that taking it as a daily supplement is beneficial as an antioxidant. You can identify this plant by its heart–shaped leaves and “air potatoes.” If you live in the United States (from southern Vermont to Georgia and as far west as Oklahoma), you may be able to gather it wild while helping out your local ecosystem [7, 48, 42]. It is a climbing vine that rapidly invades undisturbed habitats, reduces biodiversity and … Dioscorea polystachya can form dense masses of vines that cover and kill native vegetation, including trees, within a variety of moist, disturbed habitats. According to them, Chinese yam increases yin, which is often linked to feminine qualities. However, this was only a single case which has not been repeated in clinical settings. As a kid, he suffered from inflammation, brain fog, fatigue, digestive problems, anxiety, depression, and other issues that were poorly understood in both conventional and alternative medicine. Some of these may contain synthetic progesterone, though they may be promoted as containing natural progesterone. In Canada, it is regulated as a pest. Furthermore, the only way to make sure the plant won’t come back is to remove the whole thing, including the nutritious root [7, 48, 42]. DIOSCOREA POLYSTACHYA WHOLE 64F87QJD5V Other General Record Details Names 12: Identifiers 6: DIOSCOREA POLYSTACHYA WHOLE 64F87QJD5V Other Approval Year Unknown. Dioscorea polystachya (Chinese yam), Flower Type: Dioecious, Hazards: Edible species of Dioscorea have opposite leaves whilst poisonous species have alternate leaves;, Height: 9.84 feet (3 m), Lifespan: Perennial, Scent: The small white flowers have a pleasant scent of cinnamon., Width: 4.92 feet (1.5 m) Its leaf juices can also treat scorpion stings and snakebites. A new yam festivalcelebrated with great fervor as symbolism to fresh crop and availability of fresh food inabundance all over Nigeria and Ghana. PPARγ increases fat deposits, but also increases insulin sensitivity and suppresses cancer growth [16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21]. Does the science support these uses? by admin. A. Reznicek stand. Turczaninow, N.S., 1837. There is no safe and effective dose of Chinese yam for any medical purpose or health claim because no sufficiently powered study has been conducted to find one. Species evaluated with the Predictive Tool: Predicted to be invasive and not recommended by IFAS. What Is Plantain Weed, and How Do You Use It? A species of eastern Asia, occasionally cultivated for the edible tubers and rarely escaping to thickets and disturbed areas. 2020 Jun 30;19(2):273-283. doi: 10.31083/j.jin.2020.02.69. Common names identified in the above list will be used throughout this review. Dioscorea polystachya is an invasive herbaceous, twining vine that grows to about 16.4 ft. (5 m). CHINESE YAM (Dioscorea opposita) Afdrukken E-mail [broodwortel - Chinese yam (EN)] Volgens oude Chinese literatuur werd de Chinese yam voor het eerst geteeld rond 3000 v.Chr. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Published on the internet. Yams can be available in the markets year-round. Dioscorea polystachya. The research on Chinese yam suffers from considerable confusion about its proper scientific name. Een culinaire spraakverwarring. Meanwhile, diosgenin increased insulin sensitivity (by binding to PPAR gamma). Dioscorea polystachya is an invasive herbaceous, twining vine that grows to about 16.4 ft. (5 m).It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. Dioscorea polystachya (Chinese Yam, Cinnamon Vine, Ubi Keladi in Malay) Chinese Yam or Cinnamon Vine produces edible tubers which can measure up to 1 m long and weigh up to 2.5 kilograms. Chinese yam may be a good functional food for diabetes or prediabetes, but these benefits have not been investigated in humans [23, 19]. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Our goal is to not have a single piece of inaccurate information on this website. As a result of this confusion, some claims about Chinese yam may actually apply to other species, and vice versa. Out of 600 species in its plant family, Chinese yam is by far the most commonly used in traditional medicine for enhancing women’s reproductive health – from increasing fertility to reducing menstrual and menopausal symptoms. It was introduced from Asia for ornamental, food, and medicinal purposes and escaped cultivation in the mid-1990s. Call your local conservation officer to find out if Chinese yam is a problem in your area. Dioscorea polystachya komt oorspronkelijk uit O-Azië en wordt in de VS als een invasieve plant beschouwd. Dioscorea batatas, Dioscorea decaisneana, Dioscorea opposita Conclusions by Zone. You can chop up the roots and stir-fry or saute with your spices of choice in just a couple of minutes. This…. What Are Licorice Root's Benefits and Downsides? My first impression of this plant was, “what is this flying mini potato?That made it somewhat easy to identify as an air potato, … There might be additional resources available for intrepid foragers who want to go dig up this nutritious tuber! A wild tree which is also classified under herbal category named Ginkgo is one of the oldest living tree species. 2020 Jun 30;19(2):273-283. doi: 10.31083/j.jin.2020.02.69. Unlike other yams, Chinese yam is not very sweet. It native to East Asia and was introduced to the Americas and Europe as an ornamental crop and food crop in the 19th century. Chinese yam is an invasive species in the United States. However, there is no scientific evidence to support claims regarding its safety or effectiveness. Chinese yam is very easy to cook. While the tuber and bulbs of Chinese yam are edible, generally only the tuber is consumed as food. Finally, most commercial Chinese yam is grown and processed in China. Organic Kabocha Squash (Japanese Pumpkin) $ 12.95. Yam C: The Chinese. Dioscorea polystachya Turez. Chinese yam is a climbing vine native to East Asia and invasive in the United States. Chinese yam extract also has the potential to help prevent atherosclerosis, a disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries, according to this study. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou.Moscow 10(7):158. Chinese yam is also rich in mucilage, a gooey polysaccharide that makes a gel when mixed with water [23, 24, 25]. It can help treat: Chinese yam contains allantoin, a natural compound that can accelerate the growth of healthy tissue and reduce healing time. Er bestaat dus nogal wat naamsverwarring! Species evaluated with the Predictive Tool: Predicted to be invasive and not recommended by IFAS. Het is een klimmende plant met grote gelobde hartvormige bladeren en eetbare wratachtige bolletjes (bulbils) in de bladoksels. To protect the local ecosystem, avoid planting Chinese yam in an outdoor garden; gather it wild or buy it from a Chinese grocery [49]. This study shows that Chinese yam also has antioxidant properties. is a synonym of Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Effects of Dioscorea polystachya 'yam gruel' on the cognitive function of diabetic rats with focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury via the gut-brain axis J Integr Neurosci. Chinese yam - air-potato - dioscorea polystachya IMG 7485.jpg 6,000 × 4,000; 6.03 MB Chinese yam is a versatile tuber, with many beneficial health qualities, from helping with diarrhea, to relieving diabetes symptoms, to general antioxidant benefits. In the midst of the Coronavirus pandemic, we’ve got to do everything we can to keep our bodies as healthy as possible. Inmiddels is de teelt van yam in vele werelddelen net zo belangrijk als de aardappelteelt in Europa. Botanically the tuber belongs to the Dioscoreaceae family, in the genus, Dioscorea.. by admin. As results, YSP was highly soluble and had better emulsifying activity over a wide range of pH. Everything You Need to Know About Vetiver Essential Oil, Debra Rose Wilson, PhD, MSN, RN, IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, cancers of the breast, uterus, or ovaries. However, the studies listed below should not be interpreted as supportive of any health benefit. is a clickable link to peer-reviewed scientific studies. People who want to avoid estrogenic effects may want to avoid Chinese yam. Plants and trees are incredible creatures which extend its lavish branches to the world and invites animals, birds and other species to live on it. They are consumed as cooked starchy vegetables. Be sure to talk to your doctor before adding it to your diet and about potential side effects. Dioscorea polystachya aka Yam Berry aka Chinese Yam aka Mountain Potato . Landscape Alternatives lists native horticultural substitutes Dioscorea villosa MOUNTAIN YAM Củ Mài Hoai Son 山药 shānyào Dioscorea hamiltonii mountain ginseng HuaiShan superfood nutrition powerhouse Herb yam Live Plant USAGardenShop $ 0.99 FREE shipping Dioscorea hemicrypta hybrid ... (Dioscorea polystachya) 3 lb. Although the active compounds in Chinese yam may increase progesterone levels under some circumstances, the herb does not actually contain progesterone. A. Species in this genus are dioecious, twining, and herbaceous to woody vines with single or clustered large tubers, some of which are edible and are known as “yams” ( Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005 ). In its natural form, Chinese yam can be eaten: Chinese yam is also administered in creams and gels that can be applied directly to your skin. climbing vine native to China that is currently widespread throughout East Asia Raw Chinese yam is also high in resistant starch, which increases butyrate in the gut and supports your digestive health [13]. Common Names. Topically, Chinese yam can be applied to ulcers, boils, and abscesses on the skin for treatment. Chinese Yam escaped cultivation in the mid-1990s. You must consult your doctor before acting on any content on this website, especially if you are pregnant, nursing, taking medication, or have a medical condition. Although this herb has medical advantages, it also carries major drawbacks for the environment; it can quickly invade habitats and may reduce plant diversity. Naturalistes Moscou 7: 158 1837 . Resources. We believe that the most accurate information is found directly in the scientific source. Really. It’s flavourful and nutritious with taste between a sweet potato and a regular potato. cv. Foliage. Jasmine received her BS from McGill University and her BEd from Vancouver Island University. Combined supplements are readily available to purchase at health food stores or online. Links []. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) practitioners claim that Chinese yam can restore the vital energy, called qi. What Are Steel Cut Oats, and Do They Have Benefits? All Images Enlarge Image. Diosgenin also repaired brain function in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease [27]. Here’s what you need to know about its benefits and how to use it safely. After menopause and as ovulation ceases, progesterone and estrogen levels drop. Chinese yam is considered very safe to eat, but it may not be for everyone. Dioscorea polystachya in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The roots of Chinese yam contain diosgenin, which can be used to produce steroids such as estrogen and progesterone in a lab. Has carbonate dehydratase and weak trypsin inhibitor activity detected by measuring the dehydration of sodium bicarbonate and the inhibition of trypsin-catalyzed hydrolysis of N-benzoyl-L-arginine-4-nitro anilide, respectively (PubMed:10552514). References [] Primary references []. Dioscorea batatas Decne. Local foraging of invasive Chinese yam may be safer than buying imported yam [50]. Go to cart. Chinese yam, cinnamon vine Synonyms. Potential Benefits with Insufficient Evidence. A. Reznicek stand. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. Because it is an invasive species, North American governments carefully control the spread of Chinese yam. Involved in protection against oxidative stress (Probable). is a species of flowering plant in the yam family known by the common names Chinese yam and cinnamon vine. It often grows on hillsides, valley forests, bushes or weeds on roadsides at 150-1,500 meters above sea level.
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