In Peninsular Malaysia it takes 35 years for R. apiculata to reach a stem diameter of 19 cm at breast height. Establishment and growth of mangrove seedlings in mangrove forests of southern Thailand. In large concessions of 2000-4000 ha for wood chipping in Sabah, a diameter limit of 10.2 cm is used, provided that 100 seed trees per ha are left. Current rotations vary from 15 years (in firewood plantations in Thailand) to 20-30 years, but may be even shorter. R. apiculata is the preferred species in replanting programmes in most mangrove regions in South-East Asia. Tannin obtained from the barks of Blume was further separated into condensed and hydrolysable tannins. This study assessed the 2018 Jun 8;23(6):1395. doi: 10.3390/molecules23061395. generated in the process of charcoal making has the potential to be used as antifungal agent especia Rhizophora apiculata pyroligneous acid Rhizophora apiculata pyroligneous acid which is a crude condensate produced from the distillation of smoke lly to treat candidal infections. Singapore: bakau minyak, red-tree. a DPPH activity,…, Shows protecting the mitochondrial DNA damage of S. aureus using DNA nicking assay.…, Cytotoxic activity of methanol extract a on lung cancer cells (A549) and normal…, Methanolic extracts induces the apoptosis…, Methanolic extracts induces the apoptosis in A549 cells and confirmed by AO/EB staining…, NLM Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Tropical Ecology 28: 274-288. Growth and water use of the mangroves Rhizophora apiculata and R. stylosa in response to salinity and humidity under ambient and elevated concentrations of atmospheric CO 2. Felled trees are bucked into billets of about 1 m long, and sometimes debarked before they are transported out of the swamp forest. It occurs throughout the Malesian region and reaches southwards to the Tropic of Capricorn in Queensland, and eastwards as far as New Caledonia and Ponape (Micronesia). The tannin of Rhizophora is associated with a substance which darkens gradually; it is used as a deep brown or black dye. Wildings are readily available, as natural regeneration is often profuse. NIH & Muktar, A., 1987. Total aboveground dry matter has been estimated to be 160-190 t/ha in 15-year-old stands in Thailand and 257 t/ha in a 28-year-old stand in Peninsular Malaysia. Three thinnings are prescribed in Matang, Malaysia (at 15, 20, and 25 years of age), one thinning in Indonesia. Rhizophora forests are being heavily exploited for fuelwood and poles. The woods of Rhizophora species are primarily utilized for firewood and for making charcoal. Further, antimicrobial and minimal inhibitory activities of different solvent extracts were assessed against human clinical pathogenic bacteria, and the results showed that butanol and methanol extract has potential antimicrobial activity. Tomlinson, P.B., 1986. 2017 Ecophysiological responses of young mangrove species Rhizophora apiculata (Blume) to … Rhizophoraceae. 2013 Mar;11(2):149-57. doi: 10.1016/S1875-5364(13)60042-4. Antioxidant potential, total phenolic and total flavonoid contents of Rhododendron anthopogonoides and its protective effect on hypoxia-induced injury in PC12 cells. The DNA protection efficiency of extracts against oxidative damage was confirmed by DNA nicking assay using bacterial DNA. The present study is designed to evaluate the antimicrobial, antioxidant and anticancer activities of Rhizophora apiculata.Initially, the phenolic and flavonoid content was quantified in solvent extracts, and gallic acid and rutin were used as a control, respectively. eCollection 2020. Rhizophora apiculata Blume: Morphological, Chemical and DNA Barcoding Methods Gurudeeban Selvaraj1,2*, Satyavani Kaliamurthi1,2, Ramanathan Thirungnasambamdam1 Abstract— "Kandal" (Rhizophora apiculata Blume) is a medicinal mangrove plant used to treat pain, inflammation and reduce blood glucose level in Southeast coast of India. According to [6], Rhizophora apiculata is a species of plant in the Rhizophoraceae family. a Butanol, b chloroform, c ethanol, d…, GCMS analysis of methanol extracts a showed the presence of hexadecanoic acid, oleic…, Antioxidant activity of R. apiculata solvent extracts at different concentration. Wood anatomy of Rhizophoraceae. Chin J Nat Med. Litterfall varies with stand vigour and age. 2012 Sep 6;17(9):10675-82. doi: 10.3390/molecules170910675. In Sri Lanka, Cerebera manghas is used in making masks for many traditional cultural activities. Rhizophora apiculata. Felling of R. apiculata for poles is essentially a thinning operation in which straight pole-sized individuals are cut. Compliance with ethical standardsThe authors declare that there is no conflict of interest to disclose. Rhizophora apiculata Taxonomy ID: 106626 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid106626) current name Ecological Research 3: 227-238. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Forest Ecology and Management 17: 211-230. are sometimes attacked by a scolytid beetle (Poecilips fallax). Pharm Biol.  |  It does not occur in fresh water swamps. In sites where attempts at planting had previously failed due to pest problems, planting nursery-raised seedlings and transplanting of wildings proved successful. Rhizophora apiculata has been exported from the Philippines to various parts of the world for utilization in the textile industry and extracts of stilt roots exhibited mosquito larvicidal activity. Srivastava, P.B.L., Majid, N.M. & Shariff, A.H., 1980. Background: Cigarette smoke is free radical that causing some pathological conditions such as inflammation, proteolysis, and oxidative stress.In previous studies, mangrove (Rhizophora apiculata) bark extract showed the potential effect as an antioxidant. The stem of R. apiculata is upright and cylindrical in closed forest, but plants develop a straggling or semi-prostrate habit in unfavourable sites. Vivipary is characteristic for Rhizophora species. Derris trifoliata Loureiro can also be a serious strangling weed. Activity-guided isolation of antioxidant compounds from Rhizophora apiculata. Other Uses The bark is an important local source of tannin Tropical Ecology 21: 113-124. Abstract— "Kandal" (Rhizophora apiculata Blume) is a medicinal mangrove plant used to treat pain, inflammation and reduce blood glucose level in Southeast coast of India. Inflorescence axillary (in leaf scar below the leaf rosette), 2-flowered; peduncle thick, 0.5-1.5 cm long; bracteoles at the base of flower, cup-shaped, fleshy, crenulate.  |  FTIR spectrum of different solvent extracts. have been reported to be the major pests of newly planted propagules. Rhizophora apiculata Blume. There are no known breeding programmes. Rhizophora in Australasia - some clarification of taxonomy and distribution. Tamai, S. & Iampa, P., 1988. 59:156-169. The main agroforestry uses from this species are soil stabilization, coastal protection, wildlife/marine habitat for marine fauna and also as timber products which are fuelwood, charcoal, dyes, and traditional medicines [7];[8]. 448-457. Molecules. Initially, the phenolic and flavonoid content was quantified in solvent extracts, and gallic acid and rutin were used as a control, respectively. It is unlikely that any substantial germplasm collections of R. apiculata are being maintained. Noordhoff-Kolff, Jakarta, Indonesia. The poles are carried out of the swamp. The in vitro antioxidant activity of solvent extracts showed excellent antioxidant potential, about 84% of DPPH free-radical scavenging, 76% of hydrogen peroxide, 82% of hydroxyl radical scavenging, and 80% of reducing power. Few production statistics from natural or planted stands are available. Rhizophora apiculata is distinguished from R. × lamarckii and R. × annamalai plus other IWP species by swollen (wider than long), corky br own bracts, one inflorescence Main productsTimber, fuelwood, charcoal, dyes, and traditional medicine. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable.  |  The present study is designed to evaluate the antimicrobial, antioxidant and anticancer activities of Rhizophora apiculata . The system of final harvesting of trees for fuelwood varies between countries. Agroforestry Uses: A part of the mangrove swamps, the tree helps to protect inland areas from the effects of the ocean, including stabilizing the shore line and giving protection from strong winds and storms. Presence of phenols and flavonoids of R. apiculata was analysed using gallic acid…, Antimicrobial activity of solvent extracts…, Antimicrobial activity of solvent extracts using agar-well diffusion method ( a ) and…, FTIR spectrum of different solvent extracts. 413 pp. Rhizophora spp. Seedlings tend to be taller in shade and produce fewer roots. The root protrudes from the fruit, producing a green, spindle-shaped rod (hypocotyl) of up to 40 cm long. Seedlings may retain their viability for several months. Naz R, Roberts TH, Bano A, Nosheen A, Yasmin H, Hassan MN, Keyani R, Ullah S, Khan W, Anwar Z. PLoS One. pp. Large concessions in Indonesia require felling of trees down to a stem diameter of 7 cm in 50 m wide strips interspaced with 20 m undisturbed strips in a proposed 20-year rotation. in Papua New Guinea. Main agroforestry usesSoil stabilization, coastal protection, wildlife/marine habitat for marine fauna. Leiden Botanical Series 3: 20-75. or R. mucronata. Thailand has prescribed the maintainance of a 10 m uncut strip along waterways to reduce the effects of waves and currents on regeneration. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. R. apiculata is commonly found in most mangrove swamps in tropical Asia, from the delta of the Indus in Pakistan to Vietnam and Hainan. R. apiculata is the most common mangrove species. Semantic Scholar uses AI to extract papers important to this topic. Allelochemical interaction of the mangrove species was speculated to play an important role in dominance in the harsh mangrove environment.
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