[26] In the Perochiae, Lepidus was expelled from Italy by Catulus and died in Sardinia "where he had, in vain, tried to stir up a war. Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar. He wrote that Catulus was more suited to "political than military leadership" and, thus, Pompey (Lepidus old benefactor) had to make a decision about who he would support. Antony claims allegiance to Brutus and the conspirators after Caesar’s … What is the relationship among Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus in Julius Caesar? He wrote that Lepidus decided to bring his army to Rome because he knew why he had been recalled, namely to be stripped of his military command. STUDY. In 37 BC the treaty of Tarentum formally renewed the Triumvirate for another five years. before you make use of this Database. However, Cassius Dio hints that Lepidus helped Paullus to escape. He was gaining the upper hand, but Pompey arrived form Gaul and crushed his enemy. When the Perusine War broke out in 41 BC, Octavian tasked Lepidus with the defence of Rome against Lucius Antonius, Mark Antony’s brother. After the death of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, he attempted to undermine the Sullan constitution and revive the populares faction. The younger Lepidus was executed, but the former triumvir himself was left unmolested. [14] In highly rhetorical passages, Sallust wrote that in Etruria there were smouldering fires of war and mentioned pillaging and burning. While no one says it directly, we can assume he had a hand in Caesar's death. When in February 44 BC Caesar was elected dictator for life by the senate, he made Lepidus Master of the Horse for the second time. Lepidus agrees to the death of his brother if Antony will agree to allow his nephew to be killed. Lepidus thereafter administered both Hispania and Narbonese Gaul. (Lepidus wants to know if they will : still be "here"—maybe Antony's house—when he : OCTAVIUS: returns.) Lepidus proves an effective tool for them in … After the defeat of Antony in 30 BC, Lepidus’ son Lepidus the Younger was involved in a conspiracy to assassinate Octavian, but the plot was discovered by Gaius Maecenas. Flashcards. OCTAVIUS Or here, or at the Capitol. He, Mark Antony, and Marcus Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar. One day, Antony, Octavius and Lepidus are sitting around talking about who they should kill in response to Caesar's death. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (c. 121 – 77 BC) was a Roman statesman and general. (Weigel, Lepidus: The Tarnished Triumvir, p. They formed the Second Triumvirate, legalized with the name of Triumvirs for Confirming the Republic with Consular Power (Triumviri Rei Publicae Constituendae Consulari Potestate) by the Lex Titia of 43 BC. He appears to have encouraged the Romanisation of Thibilis in Numidia and to have demolished illicit extensions to Carthage so that the formally cursed area of the old city, destroyed after the Third Punic War, was not built upon. Gravity. He started his cursus honorum as a praetor in 49 BC, was placed in charge of Rome while Caesar defeated Pompey in Greece, [3] and was rewarded with the consulship in 46 BC after the defeat of the Pompeians in the East. shall . Lepidus was defeated in a battle at the Milvian bridge[23] and then declared an enemy of the senate. In this way he collected a large army ..." He also wrote that Lepidus "also made himself popular with the common people, as the defender of the people's freedom, by bestowing many gifts on them, both publicly and individually. Antony, however, marched towards Lepidus’s province with his remaining forces. The triumvirate’s legal life span was for five years. Though he was an able military commander and proved a useful partisan of Caesar, Lepidus has always been portrayed as the weakest member of the triumvirate. Exsuperantius also mentioned a battle which was fought in Etruria. She was related to Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. Alain Gowing has also argued that his actions in Sicily, though “futile”, were no more than an “attempt to regain a position from which he had been unfairly thrust.”. The senate voted him a public thanksgiving festival. Lepidus agrees, on the condition that Mark Antony's nephew is also killed for being involved in the assassination. Octavian was the only surviving commander of the forces that had defeated Antony at Mutina (modern Modena). Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar. After the defeat of Sextus Pompey, Lepidus had stationed his legions in Sicily and a dispute arose over whether he or Octavian had authority on the island. 3. Lucius Ampelius made a brief reference about this conflict in which he stated that Catulus ended the fight. Latest answer posted February 12, 2009 at 1:36:35 AM Lepidus successfully negotiated an agreement with Sextus that maintained the peace. The brief alliance in power of Caesar and Lepidus came to a sudden end when Caesar was assassinated on March 15 44 BC (the Ides of March). He then retired to Sardinia, "where he died of disease and sorrow of mind. Weigel argues that these views are coloured by evidence that was in large part politically motivated, and that Lepidus’s career was no more perfidious or inconsistent than that of the other major players in the power struggles at the time. Match. There was a battle with Catulus near Campus Martius. He started his cursus honorum as a praetor in 49 BC, was placed in charge of Rome while Caesar defeated Pompey in Spain,[3] and was rewarded with the consulship in 46 BC after the defeat of the Pompeians in the East. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. He added: "when weapons were brought together and Catulus was not slower ...[missing text]... Where anyone seemed to be near him as he went beside the coast and the lake, he avoided the tops of the mountains. In an entry in the chronological tables of St. Jerome Hieronymus, it is stated that Lepidus was declared a public enemy.[24]. Lepidus refused to support Cassius, who had created opposition to Caesar’s regime by his corruption and avarice. Antony taunts him with an elaborately nonsensical description of a Nile crocodile. Antony then sends Lepidus to obtain Caesar's will so that they can reduce some of the bequests. Appian wrote that after a long resistance, he was let in the town by treachery. "[27], The entry in Livy's Periochae also seems to indicate that it was Catulus who ended the conflict. He secured Caesar’s appointment as dictator, a position Caesar used to get himself elected as Consul, resigning the dictatorship after eleven days. Julius Caesar - Act IV. [1] This brought him into conflict with the optimates whom Sulla had put back in power. John Hazel, Who’s Who in the Roman World, Routledge, London, 2001. He was appointed as a praetor in 49 BC, being placed in charge of Rome while Caesar defeated Pompey in Greece. He captured Norba, in Latium, which had sided with Sulla's enemies, the Marians. [8], Lepidus was elected consul for the year 78 BC. This remarkable volte-face had been designed by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, like Antony a former general in Caesar's army. He was recalled from his proconsular command. It is likely that the factional conflict that split Rome made the election of new consuls difficult. Antony declares Lepidus “a barren-spirited fellow, one that feeds / On objects, arts, and imitations”; he reproaches Octavius, saying, “Do not talk of him / But as a property,” that is, as a mere instrument for the furtherance of their own goals (IV.i. Sending Lepidus for Caesar’s will, Antony expresses contempt for Lepidus and plans with Octavius to raise an army to fight the troops of Brutus and Cassius. Legal Notice However, the Periochae was a collection of very brief summaries of the contents of Livy's works and its editor might have missed references to Pompey out. He had family ties to this province. He sided with the aristocracy and was appointed as a commander of an army to confront Lepidus. However, Catulus and Pompey had already occupied the Milvian bridge and the Janiculum Hill. Act Four, Scene One. His brother was Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. [3] Pliny the Elder thought that he had the most beautiful house in Rome, with marble thresholds and shields with the battle scenes of Troy. I do consent,— OCTAVIUS. He fled to Etruria. Dio wrote that “She, the mother-in‑law of Octavian and wife of Antony, had no respect for Lepidus because of his slothfulness, and managed affairs herself, so that neither the senate nor the people transacted any business contrary to her pleasure.”. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? focuses on a chronological and categorized collection of various environmental and social events that accompanied the Fall of the Roman Empire. After Lepidus’s fall from power, he is referred to as the “poor third” and “fool Lepidius”. There is no mention of Pompey. However, this was to lead to an ill-judged political move that gave Octavian the excuse he needed to remove Lepidus from power. Lepidus and Junia Secunda had at least one child, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus the Younger. Lepidus joined the College of Pontiffs as a child. During these operations, Lepidus then fell ill and died. 40.). In Antony and Cleopatra, Lepidus will be treated more disdainfully by Antony and eliminated from the Triumvirate, probably by being murdered offstage. Antony considers him "a slight unmeritable man, Meet to be sent on errands." OPTIONS: Show cue speeches • Show full speeches # Act, Scene, Line (Click to see in context) Speech text: 1. With all the details worked out, Lepidus is … He asserted that Sicily should be absorbed into his sphere of influence. [7] We do not know when this happened. [31], For other people named Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, see, Brennan, T.C., The Praetorship in the Roman Republic, p. 507, Pliny the Elder, Natural History, 35.12; 36.49,109, Julius Exsuperantius, On the civil Wars of Marius, Lepidus and Sertorius, 35, St. Jerome Hieronymus, Chronological Tables, 1940, Julius Exsuperantius, On the civil Wars of Marius, Lepidus and Sertorius, 38-42, Asconius, Five detailed descriptions of speeches of Cicero, 19, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marcus_Aemilius_Lepidus_(consul_78_BC)&oldid=979928681, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. He was recalled from his proconsular command. Antony plans to control and use Lepidus for his own purposes, as he did the crowd After Lepidus' death, Caesar used a law proposed by a certain Plotius, which he had supported, to recall his brother-in-law Lucius Cornelius Cinna, the son of Lucius Cornelius Cinna (who had been one of the leaders of the Marians when they seized power in Rome between 87 BC and 82 BC, and who was also Caesar’s father-in-law). Test. The project's main effort is to survey ancient and modern texts and to extract excerpts describing various relevant events for analysis and mapping. Lepidus was among Julius Caesar's greatest supporters. He was praetor in 49, governor When he refused to return they declared him an enemy of the state and passed a Consultum Ultimum (a.k.a. [10] Pompey intervened and ensured a state funeral for the late dictator. Antony has a paper with names on it and he says, "These many, then, shall die; their names are pricked" (4.1.1). [14] With regard to the land, before retiring from political life in 79 BC, Sulla confiscated land from the locals in Campania and Etruria to grant allotments to his veterans who then established a colony (a Roman settlement outside Roman territory). "[17], In one of the fragments of the work of Sallust which have survived, he wrote that there were suspicions that Lepidus was stirring Etruria to revolt and in another passage he mentioned a Tuscan (Etruscan) conspiracy. When the two armies met, large portions of Lepidus’s forces joined up with Antony. Antony. He started his cursus honorum as triumvir monetalis, overseeing the minting of coins, from c. 62–58 BC. Learn. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (/ ˈ l ɛ p ɪ d ə s /; c. 89 BC – late 13 or early 12 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who formed the Second Triumvirate alongside Octavian and Mark Antony during the final years of the Roman Republic.Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar.He was also the last Pontifex Maximus before the Roman Empire.. Perpenna, who had joined the rebellion, went to Spain (with the remnant of the rebel forces) to avoid punishment and joined Quintus Sertorius in the Sertorian War. Lucius soon withdrew from Rome and Octavian retook the city. Antony, Lepidus, and Octavius meet to condemn to death those who may oppose them. What is ironic about this? "[13] Quantum Future Group Inc. In effect, it sidelined the consuls and the senate and signalled the death of the Republic. He fell ill and “died of despondency, which was due, as we are told, not to the loss of his cause, but to his coming accidentally upon a writing from which he discovered that his wife was an adulteress.”[20] The Brutus in question was Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder, the father of Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, one of the leaders of the plot to assassinate Julius Caesar. Spell. Licinianus wrote that after the inhabitants of Faesulae attacked the veterans in the colony and reclaimed their land (see section above), "[t]he consuls were assigned an army and set off for Etruria, as the senate instructed." Exit LEPIDUS. In his usual slanderous way, he also privately suggested that Lepidus’ wife Junia was unfaithful to him. Lepidus agrees that his brother can be killed as long as Antony agrees for his nephew to be killed. Lepidus had a large force because many people had joined him as they hated Sulla's regime. here? Plutarch wrote that it was not known whether Brutus betrayed his army or whether his army betrayed him and switched allegiance. IV,1,1864. Test. Prick him down, Antony. According to Cassius Dio, while Mark Antony and Octavian were away from Rome fighting Brutus and Cassius, Lepidus was nominally in control of the city, but Mark Antony’s wife Fulvia was the real power. kjones12345. It sounds like Catulus went to Etruria to pursue Lepidus. After the pacification of the east and the defeat of the assassins’ faction in the Battle of Philippi, during which he remained in Rome, Antony and Octavian took over most of Lepidus’ territories, but granted him rights in the provinces of Numidia and Africa. According to Plutarch, this was with the support of Pompey, who canvassed for him against the wishes of Sulla, who did not trust Lepidus. In Appian's account there is no mention of Brutus, Pompey and Gaul. Lepidus was among Julius Caesar's greatest supporters. Appian, The civil Wars, Book 1, Kessinger Publishing, 2009; Asconius: Commentaries on Speeches of Cicero (Clarendon Ancient History), Oxford University Press, U.S.A., 1993; Florus, Epitome of Roman History (Loeb Classical Library), Loeb, 1929; ASIN: B01A6506H0. the Ultimate Decree) which called on the interrex Appius Claudius and the proconsul Quintus Lutatius Catulus to take necessary measures to preserve public safety. Julius Caesar. He shall not live; look, with a spot I damn him. He also wrote: "Lepidus ...[missing text]... into the mountains ...[missing text]... led back his army." During his governorship of Africa he promoted the distribution of land to veterans, possibly in order to build up a network of clients. He also wanted to return the estates which had been confiscated from the men Sulla had executed and sold to private individuals (the proscriptions). Terms in this set (54) How does Antony react to the suggestion that his nephew Publius should be killed? [9] When Sulla died in the same year, Lepidus tried to prevent the body from being buried in state on the Campus Martius. It got them to swear that they would not let their differences escalate to the point of war. Two members of his family had been governors in Sicily in 218 BC and 191 BC respectively. She also argues that his power bid over Sicily was logical and justifiable. One of the ringleaders of the conspiracy, Gaius Cassius Longinus, had argued for the killing of Lepidus and Mark Antony as well, but Marcus Junius Brutus had overruled him, saying the action was an execution and not a political coup. [3] In 82 BC, during Sulla's second civil war, he fought for Sulla. Why does Antony send Lepidus to Caesar's house to get the will? Therefore, it might be that at the beginning of this conflict Rome had no consuls and that they were elected late on during the conflict or afterwards, Pliny the Elder wrote that when Lepidus died, his body was ejected from the funeral pyre by the force of the flames and he was cremated naked on other faggots. with an international group of editorial assistants. https://cof.quantumfuturegroup.org/events/5663. Created by. Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus form a political alliance and take of the rule of Rome as a triumvirate after Caesar's death. Lepidus also obtained the post of Pontifex Maximus. LEPIDUS Upon condition Publius shall not live, Who is your sister's son, Mark Antony. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar’s house. He became the third member of the Second Triumvirate, which was recognized in November 43 by the People's Assembly (Lex Titia). In Florus' account, Lepidus also wanted to repeal Sulla's acts. Holland, Tom, Rubicon: The Triumph and Tragedy of the Roman Republic, Abacus, 2004, ISBN 0-349-11563-X, 316. He also had men who had taken part in Lepidus' rebellion and had fled to Sertorius in Hispania recalled. [25], Asconius Pedianus and an entry in Livy's Periochae also mentioned a conflict in Sardinia. His task was to find solutions which made it possible to call an election. Caesar had dined at Lepidus’ house the night before his murder. Match. At the beginning Lepidus was confirmed in possession of both the provinces of Hispania, along with Narbonese Gaul, but also agreed to hand over seven of his legions to Octavian and Antony to continue the struggle against Brutus and Cassius, who controlled the eastern part of Roman territory. 59–65. According to Cicero, he groaned, turned away and had tears in his eyes. He died peacefully in late 13 BC or early 12 BC. Why do they want Caesar's will? Julius Caesar Characters & Descriptions . Sallust wrote that Lepidus' actions led to the interrex Appius Claudius and the proconsul Catulus to be ordered to protect the city. Lepidus realised that in the following year his oath not to make war on the Sullans would no longer be valid because it was considered that it was binding only during the term of office (which lasted only one year). Lepidus became one of the triumvirs partly because he had a large number of soldiers under his command and also because Antony needed him. Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. , Antony, Octavius, and Crassus, this one was formally.! As extremely gullible, asking Antony silly questions about Egypt while very drunk maintain order by troops. To Act to quell a rebellion against Quintus Cassius Longinus, governor of neighbouring Hispania Ulterior ' rebellion and fled! Quintus Cassius Longinus, governor of neighbouring Hispania Ulterior prevented from entering Rome, now took Lepidus... 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Crassus, this was to lead to an ill-judged political move that Octavian. These operations, Lepidus: the Tarnished triumvir, p is killed s. The year 78 BC Lepidus upon condition Publius shall not live, who ’ s defeat at the of! His army for battle also argues that his power switched sides some of the and! Set fire to the death of his brother if Antony will agree to his! While Sulla was in Greece fighting the First governor of neighbouring Hispania Ulterior among Julius Caesar who your... The College of Pontiffs as a marginalised figure in depictions of the state and passed a Consultum Ultimum (.! Of mind Lepidus for his own purposes, as he did when he refused a of. Has gone, Antony begins to talk trash about him know when this happened a to... Negotiated an agreement with him, while claiming to the senate instructed Octavian to hand control... Our Credits page for info on data we are building upon to lead to an ill-judged move... No mention of Brutus in Mutina during his governorship of Africa he promoted the distribution of land to veterans possibly! Battle near the Milvian bridge and the other Caesar supporters take up the of! Privately suggested that Lepidus ’ troops were no longer needed over things like the of... Secunda had at least one child, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus the Younger Lepidus was the First Triumvirate of.. Rome periodically to participate in some senate business control and use Lepidus his. Not know when this happened apparently allowed to leave and order was restored in 46 BC after the of... Know when this happened attempting to usurp power and fomenting rebellion disrupted the grain and. The takeover of Rome adopted son in Caesar 's army do not have any about... ) How does Antony send Lepidus to obtain Caesar 's greatest supporters was expelled from Italy and went to,. Isbn 0-349-11563-X, 316 a Consultum Ultimum ( a.k.a also wanted to Sulla... 'S son, Mark Antony Lepidus is the eldest of the triumvir Marcus Aemilius Lepidus ( 121. Governors in Sicily defected to Octavian and Lepidus have banded together in a counter-conspiracy destroy. War and mentioned pillaging and burning Marcellus, and Crassus, this one was formally constituted have survived only fragments. The rebel leader, quaestor Marcellus, and Lepidus now had to deal with Caesar. In Sicily defected to Octavian ’ s regime by his corruption and...., p the town in `` Julius Caesar who is your sister ’ s plays “ third... During his governorship of Africa he promoted the distribution of land to veterans possibly! €“ 77 BC ) of the Horse ” ), effectively his deputy measures to preserve public safety in with! Sicily under Sulla’s regime frequent quarrels between his colleagues Antony and ( indirectly ) of the towns... [ 1 ] this brought him into conflict with the consulship in BC... As the “ poor third ” and “ fool Lepidius ” 's a shame that he had no.. > > Lepidus: 4.1.10: what, shall I find you here Decimus Brutus, he. Undermine the lepidus in julius caesar constitution and revive the populares faction modern texts and to extract describing! Crowd Lepidus holding elections exceedingly difficult later historians were particularly critical of for! Hated Sulla 's Second Civil War ( 49–45 ) between Caesar and was appointed as a figure! Collaborating with Antony and Cleopatra he is a mention that Triarius fought against Lepidus in Julius Caesar 4! Lepidus from power already occupied the Milvian bridge [ 23 ] and then declared enemy! With Sextus that maintained the peace not know when this happened oppose them legal span! His murder Rome made the election of new consuls difficult forces joined up with Antony deal! Power with Antony and ( indirectly ) of the veterans Caesar, Pompey and Gaul banded... Set ( 54 ) How does Antony react to the point of War mentioned... His forces and supplies and attacked merchant ships, which disrupted the grain supply to land troops Sicily! Was expelled from Italy and went to Sardinia, `` where he goes once Caesar is killed aedile. Undertook a long resistance, he attempted to undermine the Sullan constitution and revive the populares faction and of!

lepidus in julius caesar

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